20
Feb
2014

Theories

One of the isolated traces of this language is that it does not mention itself to an objective reality, and yes to an internal and abstract reality; conceptual or emotional, therefore what it tries to describe and the content that cannot be known or be nominated in common way as, for example: the mythical experience of God or deuses. Therefore, we understand that it is a language of symbols, of metaphors, a correspondence language. Some historians see the myth as a religious phenomenon, that is, as the attempt of the man to return to the original act of the creation; other sociologists see that the importance of the myth is not in its content, but in its structure, one time that it discloses mental processes universal. In psychology, the myths are seen as an important base for the human behavior, some theoreticians had wide used myths in its works; whichever the theories regarding the origins and functions of myths these remain basic for the conscience human being (BAPTIST, 2003). The varied societies meet in all myths, even so have different ways to function in each one of them. The myths can try to explain the origin of the universe, and the humanity, the development of institutions politics or the reasons of the practical rituals.

The myths many times describe the exploits of deuses, supernatural beings, or heroes who have to be able enough to transfigurar themselves in animals and to execute other fantastic and extraordinary feats. Some anthropologists had passed much time having tried to differentiate history myth, but this can exert the same functions of the myth, and the two types of narratives, on the past, some times if they confuse. One perceives that some theoreticians interpret myths as forms of old scientific or religious thoughts; others see and understand the myth as explanation for the social order. It is important to stand out that the myths hide one meaning mysterious through the analyses, and a infinity of definitions and the most varied explanations of has despertado the interest of studious of diverse areas.

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