Disordered Occupation

Jacarepagu occupation: Positive and negative impacts Certainly, Jacarepagu, the Region of the Lowered one of Jacarepagu is a region where we can observe a classic example of disordered occupation involving society, historical time, governments and environment. The Region of the Lowered one of Jacarepagu, although to possess historical elements, dated of the time of the Brazil-Colony, it only tried a more significant occupation and ambient impacts (ambient impacts remember, can in such a way be positive how much negative) from the decade of 60 of the passed century, therefore, until the World War II, the population of the city of Rio De Janeiro was very intent in the central region of the city, later, the most supplied had been for Copacabana and, also, it occupied if the Leopoldina and Zona North. However, in the decade of 60, had to the swell of the inhabited places more of the city of Rio De Janeiro, it more had a demographic explosion in the areas moved away from the center, as Lowered Fluminense and Jacarepagu, quarter this that until then, possua a population whose routine was very on the buclica tranquillity of some villages, farms and the well preserved environment. We observe that, with the construction of the stretch of the BR-101 River-Bahia (in the decade of 40), it was more easy for the migrante northeastern and person from de state of espirito santo to come ' to try sorte' in then capital federal, where it had the great increment of industries and great public works, fact that lasted until the Military Regimen (which ' construiu' the Bar of the Tijuca, Subway, ' Piranho' , etc), without speaking of the verticalizao in Copacabana. With this, the sector of the civil construction needed each time more man power, attracting each time more northeasterns and migrantes of other parts of the country. In this context, Jacarepagu started to be the new area of industrial expansion of Rio De Janeiro, since the central region was saturated, thus, industrials if they had installed today in the region more intent throughout the Road of the Bandeirantes.


Ambient Impacts

Introduction the development model that characterizes our civilization in the two last centuries leads irremediably to the situation of current surrounding degradation in our cities. The aggravating one is that the continuity disordered docrescimento will be able to finish for making impracticable the process of modernization of the city of Manaus. Manaus also suffers with the secular, that, in few minutes, provoke the overflow of its streets and the destruction of houses. The volume of water that falls, not having for where to be canalized exponentially goes if accumulating. War and Wedge (2001) arrive at a conclusion on the concept of ambient impact affirming that, ambient impact is, therefore, the process of social and ecological changes caused by disturbances (a new occupation and/or construction of a new object: a plant, a road or an industry) in the environment. It still says respect to the joint evolution of the social and ecological conditions stimulated by the impulses of the relations between forces external and internal of the space unit and ecology, historical or socially determined. It is the relation between society and nature that if differential transforms and dynamically.

The ambient impacts are written in the time and happen diferenciadamente, modifying the structures of the social classrooms and reorganizing the space (p.24). The world-wide population passed for a sped up process of urbanization in century XX. The growth of the cities if has given, in a generalized manner, of the possible form most disordered, causing a series of impacts to the environment. These impacts bring some damages to the urban environment and the proper inhabitants of the city. As consequence of this sped up and disordered growth, a series of impacts has been registered. To cite an example, we have the deforestations that it does not take in account the erosive susceptibility of ground and its processes. It is added this the fact of that the deforestation associated with the constructions of building and the sprouting of streets and avenues cause degradaes, making with that floodings they are each time more constant in the cities.